(1) CIVIL WAR EPISODE IN COLERAIN.
This story, part of a series, was written by Robert Mulford, a Times-Star reporter, while on vacation at George Richard’s farm in 1887. It was published originally in The Venice Graphic of September 9, 1887, and is included in the 1994 CHS publication edited by Ruth Wells: Colerain Township Revisited. And was reprinted in the June 2007 Coleraine Historical Society Pageant.
“.. they hitched ‘Zollicotter’ to a buggy and started out.”
“Halt!” cried one of them. The boys halted. “Where are you going?” demanded one of the Johnny Rebs.”
“…. By the way any home guards up your way? Yes, indeed!” responded young Richards, “two companies at Venice”
“It was a fib……”
(2) AREA BLACKSMITH SHOPS
Mr. Elis Frey, Marty Frey’s grandfather, operated a shop at Springdale and Gaines Roads in the 1850″s. During the Civil War, Morgan’s Raiders passed throught this area, and forced the Freys at gunpoint to shoe their horses. Elias, Jr. took over the business later. Another son, Louis, operated a “wagon maker” shop next to the blacksmith shop.
Researched by Dennis Haskamp and published in the October 2009 Coleraine Historical Society Pageant.
(3) The grave of a Morgan Raider is “supposedly” in a cemetery at a small church at Mill & Springdale roads.
(4) Morgan’s Raiders gathered at the Martin Bevis Camp Meeting Ground on Springdale road just east of Colerain Pike. Morgan wanted to know what kind of defenses were in Cincinnati. From this point, he dispatched three of his men to travel into Cincinnati on a reconnaissance mission. They got as far as Walnut Hills when they jumped off the train before it got into the station. Source: Lester Horwitz, Author The Longest Raid.
(5) Morgan’s men didn’t sleep until they passed Cincinnati because General Burnside had 10,000 troops. It was a moonless night and a lot of men got lost. The horses became saddle sore so they raided farms for fresh horses and food. Source: Lester Horwitz, Author The Longest Raid.
(6) EARLY YEARS IN MONFORT HEIGHTS as Related to Warren Steiner over Fifty Years Ago by the late Warren Steiner.
Published in the COLERAINE PAGEANT, FEBRUARY, 1990
Seven paragraphs in total. West Fork road. “Squirrel hunters.” Two fine horses saved by placing in parlor.
“Mrs. Wilkey said that she was about ten years old when Morgan’s Raiders, of Civil War fame, came to this area. West Fork Road was one of the main roads from the west into Cincinnati at that time. It was felt that he might attack the city from this direction. About two hundred men, mostly older men and boys of about teen age gathered here from as far away as Warren and Montgomery counties to the north. They were commonly called the “squirrel hunters” and they came here at the request of the military authorities in Cincinnati. They stayed here about five days, and most of them slept in the (Ashbury Methodist) church building and on the ground around the church. It was in the summer of 1863 and the weather was warm. She said that the ladies of the church prepared food for these men and brought it daily to them while they were here. She said that most of the younger men of military age were in the Union Army in the past.
Morgan’s Raiders, however, did not come here. They came to Harrison and then traveled north to New Haven and New Baltimore, Glendale and finally to Williamsburg, in Clermont County. They apparently felt that Cincinnati was too well defended to attack it successfully.
She also told me of an incident that happened to some friends of the family who lived on a county road in northern Colerain Township. Some of Morgan’s Raiders passed through that area. It seems that this family had, as one of its members, about six or eight years old. The raiders were always hunting fresh horses to replace their worn out mounts, and when they approached this farm the father of the girl, a farmer with two fine horses, was hard pressed to know how to hide them. In desperation, he finally decided to put the horses in the parlor of the farmhouse and draw down the shades. He told his daughter to stay with them, hold their heads down, and keep talking to them in a low voice to keep them from making a noise when they heard the other horses outside. The raiders came, searched the barn and nearby pasture. They watered their horses and filled their canteens at a well in the yard, and after a little while moved on. The two fine horses were saved and the girl always said it was the most frightening experience of her life.
Another story was told to me by Eliza Bacon, a member of an early Green Township family. She was a young woman during the Civil War period and she told of the excitement and preparation that was made when it was feared that Morgan would enter the area and capture Cincinnati. She said that Cincinnati would have been a prize for Morgan since it was a vast warehousing and supply center for war supplies going from the northern areas to the Union Armies in Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi.
She said that she and her father, who was a farmer, were returning home from taking some vegetables down to the city market. They always came out West Fork Road from Colerain Pike, which was the main road into the city from the northwest. She said that on this particular morning they arrived at West Fork and Colerain and found a Union Soldier stationed there. He told them not to continue out West Fork Road because the latest information was that Morgan’s Raiders were coming into the city from that direction. He told them that they would no doubt lose their horse and wagon if they ran into them. She said that they then proceeded out Colerain Pike to Mt. Airy and then got home by that route.”
(7) Dennis Haskamp’s Great Grandfather has a raid story
(8) Larry Shad has a lot of information.